TMDs can affect a person’s ability to speak, eat, chew swallow, make facial expressions and even breathe. When untreated, it can cause other parts of the face, head and neck to hurt, even though the tissues are intact and do not have a problem themselves.
Causes of TMD
Not all causes are known for TMD. The most common cause is bruxism (grinding), or clenching of the teeth in our sleep. There is new evidence showing a relationship with bruxism as a ‘protective mechanism’ to keep our airway open while we sleep and prevent us from stopping breathing;
Other factors include dental procedures, Arthritis, injuries, genetics, hormones, low-level infections, autoimmune diseases, and even stretching of the jaw that occurs with inserting a breathing tube before surgery.